The Form of Local Wisdom of Society in Maintaining the Sustainability of Forest Ecosystems in Lake Toba Region
Tarigan, Risa Handayani
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The management of forest resources is heavily influenced by local wisdom owned by local society to prevent various adverse impacts on the forest and the water quality present in the lake. This research was conducted to determine the extent to which form and role of local wisdom possessed by society maintaining forest ecosystem area and water quality at local area. The research was conducted in Tuktuk Siadong Village and Tomok Parsaoran Village, Simanindo District. The method used was survey by using questionnaire as well as direct observation. Data were processed by qualitative descriptive method. The results show that local wisdom owned by society has reduced the impact of forest degradation and lakes management, although forest destruction continues throughout the year. Forms of local wisdom that can support forest management are in the form of belief, in the form of the implementation of traditional ceremonies. Ethics and rules of cutting have local beliefs. Techniques and technologies used, among others, do not use explosives, do not cut trees with a machete / ax randomly and close the floating net cages at the edge of Lake Toba, and do not dispose of waste in the lake. The results of the research provide input for the government to continue to provide assistance and counselling for the society for local wisdom owned continues to grow.