Study of Agroforestry Toona sureni Merr by the Community in Simalungun Regency of North Sumatera - Indonesia
Hartini, Kansih Sri
Tamba, Togi Nasib R.
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The community of Pematang Sidamanik Sub-district conducted an agroforestry pattern that combines forestry crops with various agricultural crops. This research specifically aims to examine the pattern of agroforestry and suren cultivation techniques. Methods of data collection with interview techniques, and field observation (survey). Data processing with qualitative descriptive analysis method. Cultivation techniques for T.sureni in study site are provision of seeds, maintenance and harvesting done by the community in a simple way. Suren agroforestry pattern conducted by local community as many as 10 patterns, namely: cloves, candlenuts, coffee, mango, chocolate and turmeric. Includes: suren and coffee; suren, coffee and cloves; suren, coffee and candlenut; suren, candlenuts and cloves; suren, coffee, candlenuts and cloves; suren, coffee, cloves and saffron; suren and chocolate; suren, mango and chocolate; suren, coffee, mango and cloves; suren, mango and cloves. Maintenance activities include monitoring and pruning on branches that cover and potentially disrupt the growth of agricultural crops.