Stress Level and Self-Concept Among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Indonesia
Dg Ku Nur Syahrina-Binti Sahbudin
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Background. Diabetes mellitus has several complications related to mental health, such as stress and depression. Stress may disrupt the self-concept of a person with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Objectives. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between stress and self-concept among T2DM patients in Medan, Indonesia. Material and methods. This is a cross-sectional study of a total of 100 subjects. The subjects were selected using convenience sampling. The primary data were collected from interviews using questionnaire guidelines. The Perceived Stress Scale-10 was used to determine the stress level, while the Tennesse Self-Concept Scale was used to determine the patient’s self-concept. The data were processed using SPSS and analyzed with the chi-squared test. Results. The results showed that 83% of diabetic patients experienced a moderate level of stress, whereas 61% of patients had a fair self-concept. Furthermore, the chi-squared test showed that there was no relationship between stress and self-concept in T2DM patients (p < 0.05). Conclusions. There was no relationship between stress level and self-concept among T2DM patients (p < 0.05). Although stress and self-concept are closely related, especially in T2DM patients, the present study did not find a relationship between the two variables. However, efforts should still be made to prevent mental health disorders and to control the disease. Key words: diabetes mellitus type 2, patients, surveys and questionnaires.