|dc.description.abstract||Aim Schizophrenia is a mental disorder and one of the suspected
causes is cytokines. One of them is tumour necrosis factor-alpha
(TNF-α). Cytokines have the potential to affect cognitive function.
The study aimed to find a correlation of TNF-α level with the
Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score in patients with
schizophrenia (PwS), and comparing the level of TNF-α levels
between PwS and healthy controls.
Methods We conducted a cross-sectional analytic study and the
study designs were correlation and comparative analysis, i.e. using
a Mann-Whitney U test. A total number of 100 subjects were
collected, and they were divided into two groups of PwS and control
Results The results found that most of the PwS subjects were 39
men (78.0%), while the control group were 28 men (56.%). The
differences in TNF-α levels between PwS and control groups were
found to be significant p <0.001, there was no significant correlation
between TNF-α level and the score of MMSE of the PwS with
p = 0.938, with a very weak correlation that was r = -0.011, and a
negative correlation direction.
Conclusion There was a significant difference between TNF-α level
of PwS and control group, i.e. PwS group had lower TNF-α
level compared to the control group. The TNF-α level of PwS group
had a very weak effect on the cause of cognitive dysfunction
in PwS group, yet the higher level of it could reduce MMSE score
in PwS group.||id