The Correlation Between Back Posture and Sagittal Jaw Position in Adult Orthodontic Patients
Sihombing, Anrice R.N.
MetadataShow full item record
Objective: A debate remains in evidence-based medicine about the reciprocal interchange between dental occlusion and body postural therapy. Back posture deformity has been found to be related to trunk asymmetry as one characteristic of scoliosis that is commonly reported in occlusal development issue. This study aims to determine the correlation between back posture and sagittal jaw position in adult orthodontic patients treated at the dental hospital of Universitas Sumatera Utara. Methods: This observational study was conducted on orthodontic patients who had routine orthodontic control between October 2019 and February 2020. The sagittal jaw relationship on pre-treatment cephalometry lateral-based on Steiner analysis was done with Ortho- Vision software. The back posture that related to cervical, thoracic, and lumbar measurement was performed using scoliometer plastic economy (Baseline ). Results: From 128 patients, aged between 18 and 30 years, we found 72 patients with Class I, 41 patients with Class II, and 15 patients with Class III skeletal malocclusion. There were no significant differences of trunk asymmetry based on sagittal jaw relationship (p ¼ 0.651). Additionally, there was no significant correlation between back posture and sagittal jaw position in Class II and Class III patients (r ¼ 0.112, p > 0.05). Conclusion: In this study, the sagittal jaw relationship had poor correlation to back posture in orthodontic adult patients due to a compensatory mechanism. The presence of temporomandibular dysfunction, sella-nasion-B point, and head posture are specific variables in a particular dento-skeletal type that should be considered in further studies.