Infectious and Non-infectious Skin Diseases Pattern in Dermatology and Venereology Department, Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital, Medan, Indonesia in 2018
Dalimunthe, Dina Arwina
Putra, Imam Budi
Jusuf, Nelva Karmila
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Skin disease is commonly diagnosed in the community and affected the quality of life. It is influenced by various external factors. Therefore, the pattern of skin diseases can be different in every region. Epidemiological studies are needed to plan for therapy and prevention of skin disease. We conducted an observational study on the pattern of skin diseases in Dermatology and Venereology Department, Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital in 2018 based on the outpatient visit. There were a total of 1.899 outpatient in 2018, with dermatophytes infection, lichen simplex chronicus, and scabies as the top three skin diseases that were diagnosed in our department. However, there were more non-infectious cases that were diagnosed, which may be caused by multiple visits required for therapy. High incidence of infectious skin disease is usually caused by a warm and humid climate of the country, overcrowding, and poor environmental hygiene.