Work-related psychological distress and social dysfunction in Nurses at Haji Hospital Medan-Indonesia
Simbolon, Muhammad Joesoef
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Background: The concept of “stress” has been growing for a long time and has attracted a lot of attention, behaviour, and philosophy of many people in the world. Nowadays, stress has become a popular topic among health care professionals. Nurses are assumed to have heavy and various workloads. The nursing workload is influenced by stressors that can cause stress. At some level, psychological, physiological and sociological symptoms might appear. Job stress related to work stress factors include role ambiguity, role conflict, quantitative work overload, career development, and responsibility toward others, which have an impact on psychological distress and social dysfunction. Objective: This study aims to determine the psychological distress and social dysfunction in nurses related to job stressors in Haji Hospital Medan. Method: This research was an analytic research with a cross-sectional method using total sampling of 186 nurses who are still working in Haji Medan Hospital. The instruments used were the Stress Diagnostic Survey to measure work stress and GHQ12 to measure psychological distress and social dysfunction. The statistical tests used were Pearson correlation test (for a normal distribution) and Spearman (for non-normal distribution). Results: There was a significant relationship between total work stressors and psychological distress (p = 0.0001), also, a weak positive correlation (r = 0.364) showed that total work stressors and psychological distress would increase together. The relation between total work stressors and social dysfunction was statistically significant (p = 0.018) and a very weak negative correlation (r = -0.173) was found, meaning that an increase in total job stress score would lower the social dysfunction score.