Identity Movements, Religious Organisations and Social Harmony in North Sumatra
Nasution, Muhammad Arifin
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This article aims to analyse the roles of religious organisations in political participation and the electoral patterns through a case study of two elections in North Sumatra; the 2018 Governor election and 2019 Presidential election. The authors approached the research qualitatively using critical network analysis to explain the values system and political motivations of religious organisations. Religious leaders influenced the level of religious activism and radicalism through various activities. Social harmony played an important role in preventing activism and radicalism, albeit in ways difficult to predict. The findings provide a deeper understanding of how the religious identity movement through religious organisations increased, while at the same time, the social interest in politics decreased. This study contributes to analysing the relationship between religious organisations' roles and the influence of social harmony on political participation, innovatively and systematically, and can be used as a reference in managing subsequent elections.