Effectiveness of Dental Health Education Using Cartoons Video Showing Method on Knowledge and Oral Hygiene of Deaf Children in Yayasan Karya Murni Medan
Yanti, Gema Nazri
Alamsyah, Rika Mayasari
Natassa, Siska Ella
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World Health Organization (WHO) in 2007 estimated the number of children with disability in Indonesia approximately 7 % of the total number of children aged 0-18 years. Childrens with disability like deaf children have difficulty in maintaining their oral hygiene because of the low ability of muscle movement, muscle weakness, and lack of muscle movement which affect routine procedure in taking care of their oral hygiene. The aim of this study was to know the effectiveness of dental health education using cartoon video showing method on knowledge and oral hygiene of deaf student before, after and a week after dental health education. A clinical experimental study was conducted with pre and post-test group design. Sample were 92 deaf children aged around 10-15 years at Yayasan Karya Murni Medan. The dental health education using cartoon video showing method that use a sign language in such a ways so it can be understood by the deaf children. Knowledge score was measured using questionnaire dan oral hygiene score was measured using OHIS index. Initial knowledge and oral hygiene score measured at day 1 and then give them dental health education using the cartoon video showing and training how to brush the tooth properly and measured again at day 2. Dental health education with cartoon video keep being played for a week before the class started, then measured again at day 8. To analyze the differences of knowledge and oral hygiene score before, after and one week after dental health education with paired t test. The Results showed that the level of the knowledge increased significantly from 7,73±0,38 before education to 10,75±0,42 after education, and risen to 14,23±0,30 one week after education (p=-0,000). There was significant differences of oral hygene score before 2,75±1,33, after 1,90±1,37 and a week after dental health education 1,46±1,08 (p=0,000). Dental health education using cartoon video showing method are effective in increasing knowledge and decreasing oral hygiene score in deaf children.