Kajian Morfologi Pemukiman Tepi Air Studi Kasus: Kelurahan Kuala Silo Bestari dan Kelurahan Sejahtera Kecamatan Tanjungbalai Utara Kota Tanjungbalai
Aulia, Dwira Nirfalini
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An area which is close to the river usually has special atraction to housing development, especially housing for fisherman; they need to be close to the river since they live on fishing. Tanjung Balai has two big rivers – The Asahan Rivers and the Silau Rivers which split the town. There are many settlements along the Waterfronts of the Asahan River. The aim of the reseach who the know the pattern of waterfront settlements, the process of the settlement development, and the causing factors of the decelopment of the river-bank settlemnets. The conditions of the settlement is very alarming since the infrastructures are very limited and do not meet the standart. The housing density is high and the quality of the houses is bad. Some of the houses are even located on the river. The location of the research was aling the waterfronts of the Asahan River and the Silau River by dividing the target area into two groups: the pattern of linear or grid settlement and the cluster and irregular or organic pattern of the river settlement. Each pattern would be analyzed in its morphology, typology, condition/description of the target area, and condition of the infrastructures at the target area. The type of the data which were analyzed was the primary and secondary data. The technique of collecting the data was by using observation method, questionnaires, and interview. The result of the research showed that the pattern of the settlements comprised single houses built on stilts (on the rivers), single houses (on the land), story houses (on the land), and houses built on stilts (some part of them are on the river, and some others are on the land and on the river). In Kuala Silau Bestari village, the process of the settlement development followed the morphology toward the river with the settlement pattern toward the middle of the river in the farm of pyramid. In Sejahtera village, the process of the settlemet pattern followed the selari morphology where the settlement pattern was formed and developed through the topography og the waterfronts. Kuala Silo Bestari constitutes the intersection of two rivers (the Silo River and the Asahan River); this condition causes the river bed to become larger so that the settlement growth tends to be directed toward the river. Some factors which cause the people to build their houses on the waterfronts are as follows: the easiness to obtain land facility, light facility, piped water facility, close kinship among the people in one village, and work facility as fishermen.