Analysis of Urban Growth Pattern and Socioeconomic Aspect After the Tsunami Disaster: the Case of Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia
Aulia, Dwira N
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Knowing the character of urban growth, especially the city which has been hit by tsunami, is an important issue in urban planning. This article reports the initial finding of the character of urban growth after tsunami disaster viewed from several aspects such as growth pattern, population, and urban economic development. This study employed descriptive analysis method based on the data obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics and the satellite images of 2005 and 2009. The result of analysis showed that the urban growth after the tsunami lasted in infill and expansion basis. The population growth was not yet balanced with the growth of built-up area. The growth was influenced by population growth and economic development, even though it was not yet encouraging in reducing the rate of poverty. The growth of built-up area should be well controlled so that it has sufficient green space and cultural conservation areas to support sustainable development.