Stigma, Depresi, dan Kualitas Hidup Penderita HIV: Studi pada Komunitas “Lelaki Seks dengan Lelaki” di Pematangsiantar
Mariany, Betty Saurina
Sanusi, Sri Rahayu
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This study correlates HIV-related stigma and depression level to quality of life of “men who have sex with men” (MSM) living with HIV infection in Pematangsiantar. Method: This is a cross-sectional study using analytical survey method. The population are all MSM living with HIV infection within the MSM community in Pematangsiantar (32 respondents). Data collected through questionnaires, interview, and observation. HIV-related stigma is considered from community’s as well as patients’ point of view, and measured by Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue Community Stigma Scale (EMIC-CSS). Depression level is measured by modified CES-D questionnaire, while quality of life is measured by Indonesian version of WHOQOL-HIV BREF. Results: The results show that HIV-related (considered as negative) stigma from community and depression level are associated with quality of life of people living with HIV infection in MSM community in Pematangsiantar. The most dominant variable is depression with Exp B = 37.653. Conclusion: HIV-related stigma and depression are contributed to the quality of life of MSM with HIV infection in Pematangsiantar, therefore community acceptance as well as reducing depression condition are needed to improve the quality of life of MSM in Pematangsiantar.