The Role of Statherin in Predicting of Tooth Enamel Plaque Calcification
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Saliva is a fluid secreted by the body to keep the moisture of oral cavity consisting ofproteins, minerals, epithelials, leukocytes and lymphocytes. Some salivary proteins have an important influence in tooth ze d with calcium hydroxyapatite. Statherin is the most powerful protein that binds calcium hydroxyapatite in saliva than other calcium-binding protein. Therefore, researchers wanted to determine the concentration of the salivary statherin mainly on the Indonesian as an initial data to explore the influence and function ofstatherin in the oral cavity. By spitting method, 30 samples of whole saliva taken from healthy individuals aged 20-40 years, not the antibiotic treatment, oral cavity healthy, no smoking, no chewing, not pregnant, lactating or menstruating. ELISA method has been used to measurement ofstatherin concentration. Results showed a median concentrationof statherin the Indonesian people was 1.5 ug / ml, while the average was 2.35 ug / ml. Statherin low concentration proposed to be a salivary protein that improve calcification of plaque on the tooth enamel.