Aceton Level and Salivary Oral Status in Patient with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (In Vivo)
Nasution, Almida Purnama
Nasution, Tulus Ikhsan
MetadataShow full item record
Diabetes mellitus is chronic metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia due to lack in the production of insulin produced byisled cell of pancreas, and systemic disease associated in oral manifestations. Reductionofsalivaryflowis one ofthe oral complication in patients with diabetes mellitus that can cause dry mouth, acidic pH wa also observed in diabetec subjects. Acetone is the most abundant compound in the breath, acetone concentrations increased in patients with diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study is to analyze acetone level in mouth and salivary status (salivary flowrate, and salivary pH) in diabetes mellitus type 2 patient, and to analyze the relationship between blood sugar levels and acetone levels, salivary flowrate, and salivary pH. This studyis an analytical observational research with cross sectional, and the total samples in this study were 30 patients by purpossive sample. Acetone level and stimulated saliva respondents has diagnose as DM was collected by spitting at Aviati Clinic Medan for 5 minutes in the saliva pot, the salivary pH measurement using GC saliva test for pH and acetone level measurementusing Diasen. Data analysis usingfisher’s exact test showed significant relationship between blood sugar levels with salivary flow rate (p< 0,05) but didn’t showa significant association between blood sugarlevels and acetone levels (p>0,05). Test graph to find out relationship between acetone levels and salivary pH it was found there wascorrelation between acetone levels and pH was significant. Blood sugar levels are associated with salivary flowrate and acetone levels are associated with salivary pH.