Impact of Pharmacist Intervention on Improving the Quality of Life of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
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AIM: To analyse the characteristics, and analyse the impact of pharmacist intervention on quality of life (QOL) outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This six-month analytical cohort study was conducted by assessing the patients’ characteristics and their quality of life by distributing a questionnaire, and the 36-Item short form instrument to the patients with T2DM (n = 45) admitted to the Tertiary hospital in Tebing Tinggi. Patients who had mental disorders, HIV-AIDS, liver disease, stage 4 chronic kidney disease, and pregnant women were excluded from the study. The patients’ quality of life was measured before and after interventions and analysed using the paired t-test. All analyses were performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, version 22, Chicago, IL, USA) (p < 0.05 was considered significant). RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 61.96 ± 6.45 (years). Most (66.7%) of them were females. The mean QOL (in the score) of the patients: before the intervention, 61.07 ± 15.13; after the intervention, 70.15 ± 14.23, there was a significant difference between groups with and without interventions, p < 0.001. CONCLUSION: Active contribution of pharmacists in the management of T2DM patients is urgent and important to improve the patients’ QOL.