Daily Activities, Spiritual Activity And Economic Activity and Self-Reliance of Karo Elderly Used Katz Index Rating and Barthel Index (Elderly Ethnographic Studies in Karo Culture)
Harahap, R. Hamdani
Nasution, M. Arif
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Elderly becomes one of the crucial issues faced by many countries in the world today. The composition of the elderly population is growing rapidly both in developed and developing countries. The increasing number of elderly causing the need for the attention to the elderly, so that the elderly not only long-lived, but also can enjoy their old age happily and improve the quality of their life. In some areas, the large numbers of elderly people become burdensome if elderly have health problems that result in increased health care costs, decreased income, increased disability, lack of social support and elderly are not able to be independent. This statement is not entirely true, because there are elderly who are still able to be independent in filling his life to achieve life satisfaction. This research uses a qualitative approach to obtain a description of life and concepts related to elderly life. Emik view is the power used to analyze the elderly life of Karo ethnic. Data were collected by using participant observation and dept interview. It was performed on five elderly families and questionnaires for 100 respondents of Karo elderly family in Lingga Village. From the research results, it is found that the Karo elderly in the village of Lingga is a self-reliance elderly who is able to carry out daily activities without being assisted by others. Karo elderly economic activity is farming. The Karo elderly who are generally Protestant Christians perform religious activities every Sunday. After church services, they continue with biblical study, or called PA. Usually, the elderly go to the church by themselves at the hour of worship for the elderly. They do all these activities by themselves, whether using equipment or without equipment. The self-reliance of the elderly is strongly influenced by Karo culture which is the guideline of human life in society.