Participation of Dog Owners on Rabies Prevention in Medan, Indonesia
Pasaribu, Rona Meilysa
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Indonesia has an average of 197 cases per year of human rabies deaths in the last 5 years. We investigated sociodemographic, knowledge and attitudes related to rabies that influenced participation of dog owners on rabies prevention through the interviewed based questionnaire. This research was conducted descriptively with approach of cross sectional method to 72 dog owners in subdistrict Medan Tuntungan based on purposive sampling process. The relationship between characteristic of dog owners and their participation in rabies prevention analyzed using Pearson's correlation analysis. Over 75% of respondents owned domestic dogs (average of 2 dogs per household), more than 68% knew that rabies is transmitted through dog bites. As much as 50% of respondents knew of dog vaccination as a means to control rabies, but only 37,5% vaccinated their dogs although they know that annual dog vaccination activities have been implemented to vaccinate all dogs free of charge. The participation of respondents in prevention of rabies disease is in the moderate category is 50 respondents (69,44%), 9 respondents (12,5%) is in the low category, but only 13 respondents (18,06%) is in the good category in their participation. There is a strong significant correlation between knowledge, attitude (p<0.01) and a significant correlation on educational (p<0.05) of dog owners with their participation in rabies prevention. This reflects the urgent need for advocacy programs to raise rabies awareness among the community. However, close intersectoral collaboration between the medical sector, veterinary, and integration of local authorities to ensure the availability of preventative service, also the public health to conduct health promotion of rabies prevention program, is a key element to eliminate deaths from canine rabies by 2030.