Nutrition Status Related to Clinical Improvement in AFB-Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Primary Health Centres in Medan, Indonesia
Sari, Dina Keumala
Mega, Juli Yosa
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BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public issue in Indonesia, including in North Sumatra province. Despite reported good efficacy of TB treatment in the region, the success of treatment depends on many factors, including nutritional status. AIM: To determine the relationship between Body Mass Index and Albumin level with sputum conversion in AFB-positive pulmonary TB patients. METHODS: The study was done in two primary health centres in Medan between October and November 2018. A total of 39 newly diagnosed TB patients with confirmed AFB-positive were included in the study. Participants received TB treatment according to the national guidelines. RESULTS: The proportion of participants with below normal, normal and above normal BMI status were 13 (33.3%), 21 (53.9%) and 5 (12.8%), respectively. Level of albumin was determined as normal in 25 participants (64.1%), and the remaining as low. Normal BMI status was significantly associated with increased albumin level (p < 0.05). At 2 months follow-up, the sputum conversion was observed in 24 individuals (61.5%), and the conversion was significantly associated with normal BMI and/or normal albumin level (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: We concluded that nutritional status is an important factor in the success of TB treatment.