Delignification and Hydrolysis Lignocellulosic of Bagasse in Choline Chloride System
Alhamdi, M A
Barus, E M
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Bagasse was the waste which has a fairly high content of lignocelluloses and has not been utilize optimally. With a cellulose content of up to 40%, bagasse then potentially be used as raw material for bioethanol. In this research, delignification process was carried out using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) in the ionic liquid system and without ionic liquids. The purpose of this research was to find out the highest content of cellulose which contained in the bagasse and the best hydrolysis conditions was obtained at the hydrolysis process in the choline chloride (ChCl) system. The hydrolysis stage in this research was carried out at temperature 105 oC, catalyst (H2SO4) 10% (w/w) cellulose, ChCl 10%, 15%, and 20% (w/w) cellulose and it was stirred at constant speed 120 rpm with reaction time of 30, 60 and 90 minutes. Delignification research results used ChCl obtained highest content of cellulose was 39.8%, hemicellulose 18.59%, and lignin 3.62% in cooking treatment 90 minutes and 20% ChCl. While delignification without ChCl obtained highest content of cellulose is 24.98%, hemicellulose 8.25%, and lignin 18.99% in cooking treatment 90 minutes. The maximum glucose yield of 39.4% was obtained at reaction time 90 minutes and 15% of ChCl.