Power and Cultural Manifestation in the Development of Colonial Architecture (Case Study : Great Mosque Al-Mashun Medan)
Pane, Imam Faisal
Loebis, M N
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Architecture is the result of cultural products. Its growth is also in line with the development of a culture adapted to the conditions when the building was built. Manifestation of culture is reflected in all aspects of the physical building. The realization of the culture can adapt along with the presence of other cultures in the development of the era. Indonesia is one of countries that has a lot of culture includes Medan. In this city, the culture that stands out is Malay because the development of the Malay sultanate at that time. The role of the colonial government was also present in the forming area of the city with the various development policies of city facilities. Because of the phenomenon, then this article proves that there is a blend of traditional culture represented by Malay architecture with coming cultures brought by the colonial government in this case functional modern architecture. With a qualitative approach and history of the existence of the object of study, namely Al-Mashun Great Mosque Medan, then this phenomenon of a blend can be seen and make it a valuable asset for the city of Medan.