Using Islamic Meditation Tradition Suluk Model for Mental Health
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Islamic meditation tradition (Suluk) has been practiced in religiosity context, but it is rarely used as research object in Health and Psychology Sciences. Many efforts and practices of psychology therapy have been done to have energies and well-being, nonetheless, the Islamic Mediation Tradition seldom discussed. This research was conducted to find the degree of the relationship between the practice of suluk, religiosity, management of the six basic energies and psychological well-being among the saliks practicing suluk at Tarekat Naqsyabandiyah and those who are non-saliks. This research applied the mixed method of quantitative method and qualitative method. The study findings from the qualitative analysis are as follows. The practice of suluk is significantly related to the psychological well-being among the saliks and non-saliks (β = .765; p < .01) and all its aspects, that is, autonomy (β = .751; p <.01), control of environment (β = .525; p < .01), personal growth (β = .520; p < .01), positive relationship with others (β=.598; p < .01), purpose in life (β = 744; p < .01), and self-acceptance (β = .687; p < .01).First, the saliks and non-saliks have intrinsic religiosity. Second, the management of physical energy has constructive as well as destructive effects on saliks and non-saliks. Then, the management of the instinctive energy, intellectual energy, emotional energy and transcendental energy have constructive effects on them. Meanwhile, the management of spiritual energy has constructive effects on the saliks, but has constructive as well as destructive effects on the non-saliks. Third, all aspects of psychological well-being have positive effects on the saliks, but have positive and negative influences on the non-saliks.