Relationship of Anemia and Premature / LBW with Early Marriage and Healthy Reproductive Age
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Teenage pregnancy as a result of early marriage becomes one contributor high mortality of mother and baby. Reproductive organs that are not ready for pregnancy and childbirth lead to the emergence of various complications, two of which are in pregnancy anemia and premature / LBW. Wedding rates occur in adolescents at Hapesong Lama village in 2017 is about 15% and the number of mothers aged 15-49 years old who have been married at the age of under 19 years old and that is equal to 43.6%. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between mothers who married at a young age and healthy reproductive age married with anemia in pregnancy and premature / LBW that occur in society. This study is survey with cross sectional design using probability sampling technique with random sampling, the number of samples is 78 people. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis. The results showed there was a relationship between mothers who married at a young age and married at healthy reproductive age with anemia in pregnancy and premature / LBW (p = 0,019 <0,05 and p = 0,038 <0,05). Mothers with early marriage have more risk of anemia in pregnancy and premature / LBW. Suggestion from this study to the education and health offices is able to jointly take adequate precautions for counseling in schools about the impact of early marriage, especially high schools (junior high / senior high). Because generally, early marriage occurs at the age of 17-19 years old, when the teenagers have graduated from high school.