Local Wisdom in the Ecolexicon Used in the New Version of Karonese Traditional Game “Cengkah- Cengkah”
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Cengkah-cengkahused to be one of the traditional games in Karonese society, particularly those living in Salapian Sub- District, North Sumatra, Indonesia. However, it is no longer played by today’s Karonese young generation as they are more attracted to today’s more sophisticated games. As a matter of fact, a traditional game, such as cengkah-cengkah, provides a lot of advantages not only to children’s physical development but also to language maintenance because the tool and the arena used in this game are taken from the surrounding ecology. Therefore, the surrounding ecology-related lexicon in Karonese language can be well-maintained as long as the game is played. This research employed an ecolinguistic and sociolinguistic approaches to revitalize “cengkah-cengkah” game in order that the ecolexicon associated with the game can be maintained. This article is a part of the research which is specifically aimed at finding out the local wisdom in the ecolexicon used in the Karonese traditional game “cengkah-cengkah”. The research location was in two villages in Salapian Sub-District of North Sumatra Province: Lau Kambing and Turangi. The data were ecolexicon used in the new version of “cengkah-cengkah” game collected through observation and interview involving 10 informants who permanently domiciled in the two villages. The data were analyzed using the interactive model proposed by Miles, Huberman and Saldana (2014, p. 31-33). Based on the data analysis, it was found that: (i) the ecolexicon used in the new version of “cengkah-cengkah” represented the typical characteristics of Karonese native people in Lau Kambing and Turangi; and (ii) the ecolexicon used in the new version of “cengkah-cengkah” symbolized the hierarchy of merga in Karonese ethnic group living in Lau Kambing and Turangi.