An Analysis of Lexical Density and Grammatical Intricacy in Thesis Abstract of English Department Student of USU
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This study attempts to construe the lexical density (LD) and the grammatical intricacy (GD of thesis abstract written by English department student of University of Sumatera Utara (TJ SU) There are two types of ~ bs tract whi ch concerns on linguistics and literat1.1re. Thos(': abstracts were analyzed in terms of lexical density and grammatical intricacy in order to find out the characteristics whetber those abstract can be classified into spoken or written language and which type of thesis abstract bas lexically dense or grammatically intricate. Qualitative content analysis method was employed in this study. The data of this study were all the text of thesis abstracts comprising of 3 abstracts for each of categories. From the analysis, it can be seen that in linguistic thesis abstract has the average score of GI index 1.83 and LD index 0.67 while the literature thesis abstract has GI index 1.79 and LD index 0.6. In terms ofLD and GI. linguistic thesis abstract is higher than literature thesis abstract. It can be concluded that those abstracts are characterized as written language because of having high degree of LD which is more than 0.4 and written in simple language because of low degree of GI.