Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Infection in Haji Adam Malik Hospital, Medan
MetadataShow full item record
Ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPS)is a substantial progress in the neurosurgical management ofhydrocephalus. However, infection is the most common post operative complication of VPS and related tosubstantial morbidity, mortality, and exerts a negativeimpact on the quality of life of patients. Twenty cases of shunt infection from 2013 to 2016 were analyzed retrospectively to see incidence rate of VPS infection. Types of infections found were exposed shunts15 cases (75%), and 5 cases of ventriculitis (25%). The most common pathogen types are S. Epidermidis. There were many risk factors for shunt infection, but the interesting fact wasthe level of pre-operative albumin. There was a significant difference between low albumin levels (<3.0) and normal albumin (≥ 3.0) levels against the risk of exposure shunt, p = 0.015.