Analisis Dampak Market Power pada Industri Kelapa Sawit Sumatera Utara
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The aim of this study is to analyse the behaviour of palm oil market, particularly cooking oil supply chain, oil palm farmers, crude palm oil (CPO) mill, refineries and cooking oil consumers. Analysis was conducted through the New Empirical Industrial Organization (NEIO) model, employing secondary data in the period of January 2006 to December 2008. Primary data are collected from 60 farmers in Labuhan Batu District and Serdang Bedagai District, interviewing 60 traders and 90 buyers at the tradisional markets in Medan. Survey is also onducted toward 3 CPO mill and 3 refineries. Estimation results show that in general both CPO mills and refineries behave competitively. However, on the scenario 3 show that both mill and refineries exercise successive market oligopoly power, and of indicating a monopolistic behaviour. Such conditions are likely to be influenced by the Government upon cooking oil price policy, which is to address the public concern to reduce the price of cooking oil instead of improving the market structure of oil palm industries to become a competitive market. The price of cooking oil would much cheaper than of under regulation.