Matemal-Child Health lnterdiciplinary Aspects Within the Perspective of Global Health
Kusumawati, R. Lia
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Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly contagious disease which is transmitted through the air. If left untreated, a person with active tuberculosis will infect about 10 to 15 people a year. Globally more than 2 billion people are infected with the causative agent Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Ten percent of those infected will develop tuberculosis disease during their lifetime; the highest risk groups are those living in poverty, malnourished, or with a weakened immune system (i.e. HIV and other diseases). Indonesia is ranked fourth in the global tuberculosis burden. The five countries with the largest number of incident cases in 2010 were India, China, South Africa, Indonesia and Pakistan (Figure 1).