Study of Characteristics & Housing Ownership of Low Income Communities in WPP E Medan
Lubis, Amy Marisa
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Housing offers central importance to everyone’s quality of life and health. The city of Medan has an increased number of low income community which poses extra challenge for the government to fulfill the need for shelter which is one of the basic human needs. Due to the number of low-income communities, the need for shelter as a basic human need is difficult to be fulfilled. This raises the realization that no decent housing should be built in the areas that do not fulfill the requirements, like around the rail track and on the river banks. Slum areas and poor households in WPP E Medan are located in the Medan Helvetia District, Medan Selayang District, and Medan Barat District. This research aims to analyze the characteristics and the housing ownership of low income community in WPP E Medan. A number of questions were asked to identify the characteristics and housing ownership, including the degree to which respondents managed their household income. A total of 100 questionnaires were analyzed and had formed the data base for the quantitative analysis. The results of this study indicated that most of the respondents were tenants, and only 19% of them were able to own their houses. The price of low-cost housing that did not meet the consumers’ target had led to the inability of the low income communities in WPP E Medan to own their houses and prefer to rent or stay in their relatives’ houses rather than to have their own houses.