Effect of Foliar Application of Chitosan and Salicylic Acid on the Growth of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) Varieties
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Elicitors such as chitosan and salicylicacid could be used not only to increase isoflavone concentration of soybean seeds, but also to increase the growth and seed yield. The objective of the present study was to determine the effectsof foliar application of elicitor compounds (i.e. chitosan, and salicylic acid)on the growth of two soybean varieties under dry land conditions.Experimental design was a randomized block design with 2 factors and 3 replications. The first factor was soybean varieties (Wilis and Devon). The second factor was foliar application of elicitors consisted of without elicitor ; chitosan at V4 (four trifoliate leaves are fully developed) ; chitosan at R3 (early podding) ; chitosan at V4 and R3 ; salicylic acid at V4 ; salicylic acid at R3 and salicylicacid at V4 and R3. Parameters observed was plant height at 2-7 week after planting (WAP), shoot dry weight and root dry weight. The results suggest that the Wilis variety had higher plant height 7 WAP than Devon. The foliar application of chitosan increased the plant height at 7 WAP, shoot dry weight and root dry weight. The foliar application of chitosan at V4 and R3 on Devon variety increased shoot dry weight.