Antimigration Activity of an Ethylacetate Fraction of Zanthoxylum Acanthopodium DC. Fruits in 4T1 Breast Cancer Cells
Hasibuan, Poppy Anjelisa Zaitun
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Objective: This study was carried out to investigate the antimigration activity of Zanthoxylum Acanthopodium DC. in the 4T1 breast cancer cell time. Methods: Zanthoxylium Acanthopodium DC. fruits powder was extracted by maccration method with n-hexane and ethylacetate solvents.Cytotoxicity and proliferation were assessed using the MTT method and the cell cycle by flow cytometry. In addition, wound healing assays were conducted by a microscopic method, and expression of COX-2 and VEGER-2 were determined using qRT-PCR. Results: The IC50 of the ethylacetate fraction (EAF) was 48.1 ± 1.06 pg/ml. The EAE at a concentration 10 pg/ml with viable cells was 62.3 ± 0.28% after 72 h incubation, with accumulation in the G2-M phase, inhibition of cell migration in the wound healing assay, and decrease in expression of COX-2 (0.62 ± 0.01) and VEGER-2 (0.39 ± 0.003). Conclusion: The results reveal that an ethylacetate fraction of Zanthoxylum Acanthopodium DC. fruits provides effective antimigration effects. Further studies are now planned to assess the potential of the ethylacetate fraction to inhibit angiogenesis in breast cancer and determine underlying mechanisms.