Effects of Steroid Use and Bone Mass Density in South Securai Village, Langkat, Indonesia
Lumbanraja, Sarma Nursani
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Background: Steroid had become the most consumed drug that can be obtained easily. However, its wide range of side effects is not known by its user. Bone loss is one of the side effects that can cause debilitation either in physic or psychical term of a person. Objective: To determine the difference of steroid used between osteoporosis and control group. Methodology: This was an analytical, case control study that conducted at South Securai Village, Langkat, Indonesia from February-March 2016. This study included each 21 osteoporosis and normal reproductive women. The questionnaires were given to all subjects, to assess demographic data, knowledge, behaviour, steroid usage and factors influenced the use of steroid. Bone mass density was measured by a standardized scale. Data was processed by statistical product and service solutions (SPSS) 22.0 with 95% CI and p<0.05 was considered significant. Results: Baseline characteristics between the osteoporosis group and control group were simliar. This study showed significant difference of steroid used between osteoporosis and control group (66.7 vs 23.8%, p = 0.005). No differences of bone mass denisty was found regarding of how steroid being used. Conclusion: There was an association between steroid use and bone mass loss.