Stereotypes and Prejudices in Intercultural Communication the IndigenousMoslem and Ethnic Chinese in Medan
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The aims of this research are 1). to analyze the stereotypes and prejudices in intercultural communication and the indigenous Moslem ethnic Chinese in Medan; 2). to obtain a pattern of communication used by indigenous Moslem and ethnic Chinese in Medan; 3). to find patterns of social interaction that exists between indigenous Moslem and the ethnic Chinese in Medan; 4). to analyze intercultural communication barriers caused by stereotypes and prejudices. This study uses a qualitative method with phenomenological approach using the target depth interviews with 40 informants with saturated the data obtained from the ethnic Chinese and indigenous Moslem. An important result of research shows that 1). In intercultural communication and the indigenous Moslem ethnic Chinese in Medan still marked the elements of stereotypes and prejudice, giving rise to social distance and become an obstacle to the harmonization of relations native Moslem and ethnic Chinese in Medan. Stereotypes are marked with various labels of each ethnic namely: happy group; Strong family ties; rude and arrogant; aggressive and uncouth; steal; cunning and like broken promises; less educated; tenacious and hardworking; prejudice against ethnic expressed in various forms, namely: anti dwelling; avoidance; discrimination; Intercultural communication between them in the end did not take place effectively, in which each ethnic group retains his ethnic identity and do not want to understand the culture of other ethnic groups. Furthermore, communication is established finally only apparent, rigid, and superficial. While effective communication occurs only limited in the public domain. 2). The pattern of communication between Indigenous and ethnic Chinese Moslem in the city of Medan is the primary communication and circular patterns. The pattern in which the primary communication occurs between the nuclear family and extended family from both sides. The pattern of circular communication where the communication pattern between indeginous Moslem and ethnic Chinese with their neighborhoods. 3). Intercultural interaction with the ethnic Chinese native Moslem is not effective and does not take place between 3 harmonis.di existing pattern of interaction then Associative Pattern is a pattern of interaction that are relevant to this study. 4). Stereotypes and prejudice are two main obstacles in intercultural communication indigenous Moslem and ethnic Chinese in Medan.