Metaphorical Expression Of Death In Toba Batak Andung-Andung
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Andung-andung is lament song that contains lyrics in the form of blank verse. It is performed by a woman in a custom ritual of death. The lamenting expressions are arranged in poetic language form. Its content is about sadness dealing with the death of the beloved person. It can be a husband, the only son, and mother in law. The performance of andung-andung is closely connected to Toba Batak custom. It is accepted as a kind of cultural heritage which is handed from generation to generation. Andung-andung is supposed to have ritual sense that the dead persons will be arriving at the last destiny in wellbeing. This writing is restricted to the analysis of conceptual metaphor found in Andung-Andung. Metaphor itself is a matter of words that are filled with poetic imagination by comparing two different things in order to find a new meaning. This metaphor can be in the form of word, phrase and sentence. For instance, when one says "her tears are like the rain" implies idea that the sadness refers to rain in the form of tears. The analysis of conceptual metaphor in this Andung-andung is confined to Batak Toba ethnic group.