The Role And Position Of Batak Woman In Folklore
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The issues around gender equality and the role and position of woman are big issues nowadays. It is the result of negative perspective toward the progress and the achievement of woman. The similar case appeared within the society of Batak Toba. In a glance the progress and the achievement of Bataknese woman can be seen in many social field. It is a cocnetive system, a knowledge frame and belief that give a direction to the orientation of every person who lives in the culture. It is a collective knowledge that directs the perception and definition of the people about the reality and their existence on the earth. The people of Batak Toba has_many folklores where women are the main characters. The study tried to find the meaning of those folklores that can be connected to the role and position of Batak woman. The used strategy was to find out their structures by using the theory of Structuralism; Literary Sociology and Functionalism. The research was conducted on seven folklores. Then the formulation of the problem are how the role and position of Batak Toba woman portrayed in folklore, how that role and position show the logical mechanism, belief and custom of the people, how the local wisdom deals with the role and position of woman showed in the folklores and how is the attitude of the Batak Toba society toward the role and position of woman. The finding showed that the role of woman was domestics, and they were dominated by men. They were not envolved in making decision even for their own personal matters. In a glance the position of Batak woman is lower compared to man. Still, the social cultural research showed that the position of woman actually very important due to the system of kinship of Batak Toba society which is called Dalihan na Tolu . And that was the function of the folklore.