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Title: Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Kejadian Gizi Kurang pada Anak Balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Glugur Darat Kecamatan Medan Timur Tahun 2016
Authors: Hutagalung, Nency Tioria
Advisors: Siagian, Albiner
Rasmaliah
Issue Date: 17-Mar-2017
Abstract: Balita (under five children) is vulnerable to under nutrition. The prevalence of under nutrition in balita I’[n Medan is 15.1%, while it is 9.93% in the working area of GlugurDaratPuskesmas (Public Health Center), Medan TimurSubdistrict. The objective of the research was to find out some factors which influenced the incidence of under nutrition in balita in the working area of GlugurDaratPuskesmas. The research was a survey with cross sectional design. It was conducted from July until September 2016. The population was 9,096 respondents, and 96 of them were used as the samples. Bb/u (Anthropometry Index of Weight) according to age and women’s characteristics (knowledge, occupation, family income, and the number of family members) was used to measure nutritional status in balita. The data were analyzed by usingunivariate analysis, bivariate analysis with chi square test and multivariate analysis with multiple logistic regression analysis in order to analyze some factors (knowledge, family income, the number of family members, and care pattern) which influenced the incidence of nutritional deficiency. The result of the research showed that, statistically, women’s characteristics (knowledge, occupation, family income, and the number of family members) and care pattern (eating and health patterns) had significant influence on the incidence of under nutrition. It could be concluded that when women’s knowledge, family income, and the implementation of eating and health patterns were good, the coverage of under nutrition would decrease. The variable which had the most dominant influence was family income which indicated that when family income was less than UMK (City Minimum Wage) of Medan, it had 25 times of the possibility to have the risk for under nutrition, compared with family income which was above UMK of Medan. It is recommended that 1) the management of GlugurDaratPuskesmas a) improve the knowledge of nutrition in women who had balita, b) increase PMT (Giving Food Supplement) regularly, and c) increase counseling by health care providers about the importance of good eating and health patterns. 2) The Medan City Administration should perform urban extricating poverty program by increasing skill (income generating). 3) Women who had balita should improve their knowledge of nutrition and balita care pattern, read leaflets diligently, and participate in posyandu (integrated health post)) activities.
Abstract (other language): Balita termasuk dalam golongan masyarakat kelompok rentan gizi. Prevalensi gizi kurang pada Balita di kota Medan sebesar 15,1%. Di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Glugur Darat Kecamatan Medan Timur kasus gizi kurang pada balita sebesar 9,93%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian gizi kurang pada Anak Balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Glugur Darat.Penelitian ini menggunakan survey desaincross sectional. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan bulan Juli sampai dengan September2016. Populasi adalah seluruh anak balita berjumlah 9.098 orang dan sampel sebanyak 96 orang. Metode pengukuran untuk status gizi Balita menggunakan indeks antropometri Berat Badan menurut Umur ( BB/U ). Karakteristik Ibu ( pengetahuan, pekerjaan, pendapatan keluarga dan jumlah anggota keluarga ). Metode analisis data dengan tahapan analisis univariat, analisis bivariat dengan uji chi-square dan multivariat menggunakan uji regressi logistik berganda untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap kejadian gizi kurang, yaitu pengetahuan, pendapatan keluarga, jumlah anggota keluarga dan pola asuh. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara statistik Karakteristik (pengetahuan, pendapatan keluarga, jumlah anggota keluarga) dan Pola asuh (asuh makan, asuh kesehatan) berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kejadian gizi kurang. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa apabila pengetahuan ibu baik, pendapatan keluarga baik, jumlah anggota keluarga kecil dan pelaksanaan polaasuh makan serta polaasuh kesehatan baik, maka semakin rendah kejadian gizi kurang.Variabel yang paling besar pengaruhnya adalah pendapatan keluargaartinyaapabila pendapatan keluarga lebih kecil dari UMK Medan mempunyai peluang 25 kali untuk terjadinya resiko kejadian gizi kurang dibandingkan dengan pendapatan keluarga diatas UMK Medan. Disarankan kepada; (1) Puskesmas Glugur Darat dan Dinas Kesehatan Kota Medan :(a) mengupayakan peningkatan pengetahuan tentang gizi oleh tenaga kesehatan kepada ibu Balita, (b) mengupayakan peningkatan kegiatan program Pemberian Makanan Tambahan (PMT) secara rutin, (c) mengupayakan peningkatan penyuluhan oleh petugas kesehatantentang pentingnya asuh makan dan asuh kesehatan yang baik.(2) Pemerintah Kota Medan mengupayakan program penanggulangan kemiskinan perkotaan melalui peningkatan ketrampilan (income generating). (3) Ibu Balita mengupayakan peningkatan pengetahuan tentang gizi dan pola asuh anak Balita ,rajin mambaca leaflet yang diberikan dan berpartisipasi dalam kegiatan Posyandu.
Keywords: Under Five Children
Under Nutrition
Care Pattern
Family Income
Women’s Knowledge
URI: http://repository.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/64769
Appears in Collections:MT - Epidemiologi

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Cover.pdfCover793.27 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Abstract.pdfAbstract197.82 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter I.pdfChapter I184.78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter II.pdfChapter II300.59 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter III-VI.pdfChapter III-VI548.06 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Reference.pdfReference187.25 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Appendix.pdfAppendix348.09 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
 

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