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Title: Khazanah Ekoleksikal, Sikap, Dan Pergeseran Bahasa Melayu Serdang : Kajian Ekolinguistik
Authors: Faridah
Advisors: Sinar, T.Silvana
Mbete, Aron Meko
Setia, Eddy
Issue Date: 7-Sep-2016
Abstract: The purposes of this study are: (1) to analyze the ecolexical treasury in Serdang Malay Language (SML), (2) to analyze the environmental change and language choice, (3) to prove the relation between language and itsnative speaker’s attitude, (4) to analyze the language attitude and language shift as well as some factors causing the shift. The study uses both qualitative and quantitative methods. The first method is principally employed to mainly analyze the lexical treasury of environmental lexicon in SML. The second method, namely quantitative method, is applied to prove the relation between native speaker’s knowledge and his attitude. The qualitative data is obtained through some interviews with five informants, through participant observation, and through documentary files. Meanwhile, the quantitative data is generally equired by sending questionnaires to 240 young and old respondents who are then determined as the research sample. The theory which helps in the study of lexical treasury is taken from ecolinguistic theory which is primarily supported by some parameters as follows: inter-relation, interaction, and inter-dependance as well as varieties and environment. The theory from sociolinguistics is practiced by paying attention on language in the perspective of SML’s native speaker. Morphological theory is also used to see basic lexical forms, their derivation, and their compounds. Theory of semantics is employed to analyze the lexical, grammatical, and referential meanings, and theory of anthropology is paid attention to discuss the culture. The results of this research give some orientations which are written in sequence. (1)The common lexical of flora which becomes the main focus in SML is KelambeR. This common lexical consists of 27 special lexicons (2) Common lexical of main fauna refersto ayam kampung(lit. country chicken) which derives 9 special lexicals, (3)The native speaker’s previous environmentsof language utterance were mainly caused by conducive ecoregion in one hand and by elder society of nonnative speaker using this language in other hand. Today the young generation in Serdang Malay do not communicate with this language either at home, in the sea, or in the field. Only elder native speaker still articulates the SML. (4) The correlation of knowledge and young communicator’s attitude, for example, as shown in the figures in table t with the rate of trust of 5% is 0.361and therefore, the value of t with calculation of 0,310 is smaller than table t; as a result, the correlation of knowledge and attitude appears it is not significant.(6) The correlation of knowledge and elder native speaker’s attitude, for instance, as seen in the figures in table t with the rate of trustof 5% is 0.361; therefore, the value of t with calculation of 603is greater than table t so the correlation of knowledge and attitude is significant. (7) SML has shifted and the main factors are caused by (a) bilingualismin SML and Bahasa Indonesia (BI), (b)the psychology of young generation who tend to have negative attitude towards SML,(c)the economy in which young generation assumes that using SML does not give benefits economically, (d)the lexical which is not found any more because it is extinct, (e) the certain lexical which loses its special meaning in SML, for instance, kembang bentang tikarand tambang ongkos in SML which are translated into BI as ‘flower’ and ‘rope’, (f) the advancement of knowledge and technology, (g) land decreasing, and (h)mistake in policy making.
Abstract (other language): Penelitian ini menganalisis khazanah leksikal, sikap, dan pergeseran Bahasa Melayu Serdang selanjutnya disingkat BMS. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) menganalisis khazanah leksikal BMS, (2) Menganalisis perubahan lingkungan dan pilihan bahasa, (3) membuktikan hubungan pengetahuan dengan sikap penutur, (4) Menganalisis sikap bahasa dan pergeseran bahasa serta faktor-faktor penyebab terjadi pergeseran. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Metode kualitatif digunakan untuk menganalisis khazanah leksikal leksikon lingkungan BMS. Metode kuantitatif digunakan untuk membuktikan hubungan antara pengetahuan dengan sikap penutur. Data kualitatif diperoleh dengan cara wawancara dengan 5 informan, pengamatan berpartisipasi dan dokumentasi. Data kuantitatif diperoleh dengan cara menyebarkan angket kepada 240 responden usia muda dan tua yang menjadi sample dalam penelitian ini. Teori yang digunakan untuk mengkaji khazanah leksikal adalah teori ekolinguistik dengan menggunakan parameter ekolinguistik yakni: interrelasi, interaksi, dan interdepedensi serta keberagaman, dan lingkungan. Teori sosiolinguistik digunakan untuk melihat bahasa dalam masyarakat penutur BMS. Teori morfologi digunakan untuk melihat bentuk-bentuk leksikal dasar, turunan, dan majemuk. Untuk mengkaji makna leksikal, makna gramatikal, makna referensial eksternal,digunakan teori semantik, dan mengkaji budaya digunakan antropologi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa : (1) Leksikal umum flora yang utama dalam BMS adalah kelambir. Leksikal umum ini menurunkan 27 leksikon khusus yakni: mumbang, kal, tempurung, sudu, senduk, serundeng, lidi, ampas, santan, minyak kelambir, akar kelambir, umbut, nyiur, selodang, pelepah, kelongkong, sabut, bungkuk sabut, pokok, sula, segandeng, rebab, rebana, air kelambir muda, kelambir muda, kelambir tua, dan tua-tua kelambir. (2) Leksikal umum fauna yang utama adalah ayam kampung yang menurunkan 9 leksikal khusus yakni: biring besi, kepoh,balung, telur ayam kampung, tembolok, temorok, mengeram, menetas, dan cirit ayam (3) Lingkungan penutur BMS pada mulanya menggunakan BMS dikarenakan ecoregion yang mendukung. Di sisi lain masyarakat non BMS yang bermukim di lingkungan Melayu Serdang menggunakan BMS. Dewasa ini penutur usia muda BMS tidak lagi menggunakan BMS di rumah, di laut atau ladang. Hanya penutur usia tua yang masih menggunakan BMS. (4) Terdapat hubungan yang tidak signifikan antara pengetahuan dengan sikap penutur muda. Hal ini berarti meskipun ada hubungan diantara keduanya tetapi sangat kecil. Hasil ini dibuktikan dengan nilai t hitung 0,326. Sebaliknya penutur tua mempunyai hubungan antara pengetahuan dan sikap yang sangat signifikan pada nilai t hitung 0,603. Hal ini berarti hubungan diantara keduanya positif sangat kuat. (5) BMS bergeser, faktor penyebab adalah: (a) Bilingualisme BMS dan BI, (b) Faktor psikologis yakni generasi muda mempunyai sikap negatif terhadap BMS, (c) Faktor ekonomis yakni generasi muda berasumsi bahwa menggunakan BMS tidak menguntungkan secara ekonomi, (d) Leksikal tidak ditemukan karena sudah punah, (e) Leksikal kehilangan makna khusus dalam BMS seperti kembang bentang tikar dalam BMS, tambang ongkos dalam BMS dalam BI bunga dan tali, (f) Kemajuan Iptek, (g) penyempitan lahan, (h) kekeliruan dalam mengambil kebijakan.
Keywords: lexical
speaker’s attitude
language shift
ecolinguistics
URI: http://repository.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/60909
Appears in Collections:PD - Linguistics

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Cover.pdfCover269.44 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Abstract.pdfAbstract111.35 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter I.pdfChapter I158.22 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter II.pdfChapter II220.37 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter III-X.pdfIII-X1.01 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Reference.pdfReference133.86 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Appendix.pdfAppendix3.06 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
 

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