Community Pharmacy Practice Standards as Guidelines for Pharmacists in Performing Profession in Indonesia
MetadataShow full item record
Objective: To design Community Pharmacy Practice Standards as guidelines for pharmacists in performing profession in Indonesia Methods: Community Pharmacy Practice Standards were designed from 40 standard elements adopted from various provisions of the legislation and the rules of the profession, divided into five standard aspects of activities, i.e. professionalism, managerial, dispensing, pharmaceutical care, and public health service activities. As a validation step to the community pharmacy practice standards that had been developed, a survey involving community pharmacists in Indonesia was conducted by using questionnaire with five-points Likert scale ranging from 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree at each standard elements. The questionnaire was created by using Google docs, sent directly via Facebook to 800 community pharmacists in Indonesia to be filled online. Results: Of the 800 questionnaires distributed, 407 questionnaires were filled (50.9% response rate). The results showed that all standard elements offered got positive opinion with mean score ranging from 3.68 to 4.58, consisted of answers of strongly agree 36.02%, agree 50.22%, neutral 11.32%, disagree 1.94% and strongly disagree 0.49%. Community pharmacists opinion on the elements of community pharmacy practice standards was not affected by gender, graduation year, experiences as community pharmacists, another occupation beside community pharmacists, as owners or not owners of pharmacy, and location of pharmacy (p>0.05), but affected by the frequency of attendance of pharmacist and former university status (p<0.05)Conclusion: Community Pharmacy Practice Standards that have got positive opinion as guidelines for pharmacists in performing profession and as an instrument that implementing various provisions of the legislation and the rules of the profession applied in Indonesia have been designed.