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dc.contributor.advisorMatondang, A. Rahim
dc.contributor.advisorKalsum
dc.contributor.authorMindayani, Sri
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-02T07:30:30Z
dc.date.available2015-09-02T07:30:30Z
dc.date.issued2015-09-02
dc.identifier.otherZulhelmi
dc.identifier.urihttp://repository.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/49712
dc.description107032111en_US
dc.description.abstractPerajin sulaman tangan merupakan salah satu bentuk usaha sektor informal di Nagari Koto Gadang Sumatera Barat yang belum menerapkan fasilitas kerja (pamedangan) yang ergonomis dalam bekerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh sikap kerja terhadap keluhan muskuloskeletal dengan intervensi fasilitas kerja pada perajin sulaman tangan di Nagari Koto Gadang Sumatera Barat. Populasi dari penelitian ini adalah sebanyak 36 orang dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 26 orang. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimen sungguhan dengan bentuk rancangan Pretest – Postest with Control Group. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh yaitu sikap kerja sebelum intervensi fasilitas kerja berada pada level tindakan tinggi dan sedang. Sesudah intervensi fasilitas kerja, terjadi perbaikan sikap kerja menjadi level tindakan menjadi kecil. Hasil uji Wilcoxon menunjukkan adanya pengaruh sikap kerja terhadap keluhan muskuloskeletal pada saat mulai bekerja (p=0,01) dan selesai bekerja (p=0,01) kelompok perlakuan sebelum dan sesudah intervensi fasilitas kerja. Hasil uji Wilcoxon menunjukkan tidak adanya pengaruh sikap kerja terhadap keluhan muskuloskeletal pada saat mulai bekerja (p=0,325) dan selesai bekerja (p=0,498) kelompok kontrol sebelum dan sesudah intervensi fasilitas kerja. Perajin sulaman tangan disarankan agar dapat menggunakan fasilitas kerja yang telah didesain secara ergonomis, melakukan relaksasi selama bekerja, perlunya membuat meja kerja (pamedangan) yang adjustable dan penahan lumbar agar dapat mengurangi keluhan muskoloskeletal dan perlunya dukungan dari pemerintah agar dapat mensosialisasikan manfaat intervensi fasilitas kerja yang diperoleh secara kongkrit kepada perajin sulaman tangan.en_US
dc.description.abstractHand embroidery industry is one of the forms of informal sectors in Nagari Koto Gadang, Sumatera Barat which has not yet applied an ergonomic working facilities in its daily activity. The purpose of this experimental study with pretest-posttest with control group design was to analyze the influence of work posture on musculoskeletal disorder with the intervention of working facilities in the hand embroidery workers in Nagari Koto Gadang, Sumatera Barat. The populations of this study was 36 embroidery workers and 26 of them were selected to be samples for this study. The result of this research, before the working facility intervention, their work posture was on the high and medium levels. After working facility intervention, their work posture was improved to small level. The result of Wilcoxon test showed work posture had influence on the musculoskeletal disorder when they began to work (p=0.01) and after they finished working (p=0.01)in the experiment group before and after working facility intervention; and work posture did not have any influence on the musculoskeletal disorder when they began to work (p=0.325) and after they finished working (p=0,498)in the control group before and after the working facility intervention. The hand embroidery workers are suggested to use the working facilities which have been ergonomically design, to do some relaxation when they are working, it’s needed to make an adjustable work (pamedangan) and using a lumbar brace to minimize the musculoskeletal disorder. The support from the government is also needed to socialize to the hand embroidery workers about the benefit of working facility intervention obtained in a concrete way.en_US
dc.language.isoiden_US
dc.subjectWork Facilityen_US
dc.subjectWork Postureen_US
dc.subjectMusculoskeletal Disordersen_US
dc.subjectHand Embroideryen_US
dc.titlePengaruh Sikap Kerja terhadap Keluhan Muskuloskeletal pada Perajin Sulaman Tangan di Nagari Koto Gadang Sumatera Baraten_US
dc.typeMaster Thesesen_US


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