Analysis of Negeri Lima and Ranah Tiga Warna Novels A. Fuadi Works: Psychoanalysis Approach
Zein, T. Thyrhaya
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The purpose of this study is to reveal a structure of the novel and the characters of personality aspects of Alif Fikri in Negeri Lima Menara and Ranah Tiga Warna novels by A.Fuadi. To figure out the personality aspect of Alif Fikri is used descriptive qualitative method. Object of this study is aspect personality of Alif Fikri in Negeri Lima Menara (2009) and Ranah Tiga Warna (20ll) by A.Fuadi. The data used is primary and secondary data with library research, note and reading technique used are heuristic and hermeneutic. It can be concluded that the structure of the theme in Negeri Lima Menara and Ranah Tiga Warna novels by A.Fuadi is "patience and sincere in doing something will bring the success." Plot in Negeri Lima Menara and Ranah Tiga Warna is reverse plot. The characters in Negeri Lima Menara and Ranah Tiga Warna are main character (Alif Fikri), and additional characters (Amak, Ayah, Randai, Atang, Raja, Said, Baso, Dulmajid, Raisya and Bang Togar). Setting of place in Negeri Lima Menara and Ranah Tiga Warna are Maninjau, Bukittinggi West Sumatera, Ponorogo East Java, Bandung, Washington USA, Canada and London}. Setting of time around 1988 to 2003, social setting (a simplicity of Islamic family with a cohesive culture of West Sumatera and East Java also the atmosphere of the educational environment). Psychologically Alif Fikri in Negeri Lima Menara and Ranah Tiga Warna novels by A.Fuadi, analyzed using personality theories of Sigmund Freud; (1) Alif Fikri have Life and Death instincts, (2) Alif Fikri has the biggest Superego energy than id and ego, (3) Alif Fikri has much experiencing of subconscious influences because of the pressure, (4) Alif Fikri has anxiety in the life he lived, (5) Alif Fikri has subconscious theory as his motivation in his life. Alif Fikri's has strong pesonality (1) Obey to Allah SWT, and his parents, (2) Independence, (3) do not have a strong stance, (4) Never give up person.