Nurses’ Workplace Stressors
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Nursing is considered as a stressful job when compared to other jobs (Chan, Lai, Ko, & Boey, 2000). A study among six professional groups (nurses, doctors, engineers, life insurance agents, lawyers, and teachers) found that nurses had the highest score of stress related to their workplace which had poor social relations with superiors and colleagues, bureaucratic constraints, and poor job prospects (Chan et al, 2000). Moreover, as the global nursing shortage increases, the aged population becomes larger, the incidence of chronic illnesses increases, and technology continues to advance, nurses continually are encountered with numerous workplace stressors (Lambert & Lambert, 2008). Meanwhile, a survey conducted in four provinces of Indonesia showed that more than half (50.9%) of nurses working at public and private hospitals’ experienced workplace stress (Rachmawati, 2007). It was also found that more than half (60%) of a public hospital nurses in Indonesia experienced high level of workplace stress (Shaulim, 2008). Therefore, the author would like to review the nurses’ workplace stressors.