Model Awal Dan Model Klasik Struktur Informasi
MetadataShow full item record
This paper describes early models of information structure and classical models of information structure. Early models of information structure consist of (1) subject- predicate structure, (2) the early psychological model, (3) the communicative model, and (4) linguistics, psychology, and information structure. Classical models is begun from the Prague school, Halliday and the American structuralists, Chafe on givenness, and Chomsky on focus and presupposition. The most characteristic feature of the Prague school was the functional approach that language is understood as a tool for communication and the information structure is important for both the system of language and for the process of communication. Halliday and the American structuralists postulate that information structure was an independent analysis and not refer to a syntax-semantics interface analysis. Information structure is assumed as structural aspect that consists of the informational partition of the utterance and informational units. Halliday calls the former aspect the thematic structure and the aspect of givenness. Chafe refers to the definition of psychological structuring of von der Gabelentz. Given and new information were equalize to such as activated: already activated and newly activated. Chomsky discusses information structure in the context of his distinction between deep structure and surface structure in his terms presupposition-focus. Focus is defined as the phrase containing the intonation center.