Identifikasi Tumbuhan Sumber Pangan, Obat‐Obatan dan Biopestisida Serta Tingkat Pemanfaatannya di Suaka Margasatwa Karang Gading dan Langkat Timur Laut (The Identification of Food, Medicinal and Biopesticide Plants and the Utilization Level in Karang Gading and Langkat Timur Laut Wildlife Reserve)
Purwoko , Agus
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This research was conducted mainly to identify potential vegetation species as source of food, medicine and biopesticide, to examine actual utilization forms performed by people and to develop data base for further study and utilization. Based on a flora inventory, the wildlife reserve consist of 18 species of flora, 16 of mangrove species were identified to be potential as source of food, medicine and biopesticide, but only 9 species was recognize by people; Avicennia marina, Avicennia alba,Avicennia officinalis, Excoecaria agallocha, Rhizophora apiculata, Sonneratia caseolaris, Sonneratia alba, Xylocarpus moluccensis dan Nypa fruticans, and only 7 species has been utilized occasionally (3 species) and frequently (4 species).From recognized and utilized species, only 3 of them become infrequently utilized. Untill now, only 3 species is still utilized, although not frequently. In generale, biopesticide potency has not been utilized yet, such as in Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Bruguiera sexangula and Rhizopora mucronata.