Analisis Risiko Pajanan Mangan Dalam Air Melalui Intake Oral Terhadap Kesehatan Masyarakat Di Sekitar TPA Rawakucing Kecamatan Neglasari Kota Tangerang Provinsi Banten Tahun 2007
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Background: Manganese is a naturally-occurring element that can be found ubiquitously in the air, soil, and water. Manganese is an essential nutrient for humans and animals. Adverse health effects can be caused by inadequate intake or over exposure. Although manganese is an essential nutrient at low doses, chronic exposure to high doses may be harmful. Regardless, the nervous system has been determined to be the primary target organ with neurological effects generally observed. Aim: The objective of the study is to assess the health risk of manganese exposure from the well drinking water intake. Design: This study was done in Final Disposal Site Rawakucing area and out of this area. The number of subjects sampled were 114 and 117, respectively. Study design is crossectional with hypotesis test. Result: The result showed that the average manganese concentration was 4.3 mg/l (SD=2.8873), 0.300 mg/l (SD=0.1888) respectively. The result was significant different statistically (p<0.05) for manganese concentration from two study area. The average RQ showed 0.2347 (SD=0.5095) for RQ in Disposal Site Area and 0.2955 (SD=0.2465) for RQ in out of Disposal Site Area. The result was significant different statistically (p<0.05) for RQ value, with OR=8.109 (95% CI = 2.668-24.650). Conclusion: It is recomended that The Government of Tangerang City should changed open dumping system in Disposal Site Rawakucing Area to sanitary landfill. District Health of Tangerang City especially, should be able to apply risk management to the community in the Disposal Site Rawakucing Area.