Gizi, Imunitas, dan Penyakit Infeksi
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Nutrition is a critical determinant of immune responses and malnutrition is the most common cause of infectious disease. The relationship between nutritional status and the immune system has been a topic of study for much of the 20th century. Dramatic increases in our understanding of the organization of the immune system an the factors that regulate immune function has been demonstrated a remarkable and close concordance between host nutritional status and immunity. Nowdays, the research was focussed on the role of nutrition (macro- and micronutrients) in prevention of infectioud diseases. This paper reviews the the studies regarding the relationships among nutritional status, immunity, and the immunodeficiency.