Factors Associated with the Transmission of Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis Among Schoolchildren
Ginting, Sri Alemina
Lubis, Iskandar Z.
Lubis, Chairuddin P.
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Background Soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) is an important public health problem in Indonesia. Objective To find out factors influencing the transmission of STH in two different communities in North Sumatera, Indonesia. Methods A cross sectional study was done on 96 primary school children in Suka village (located on a mountain area) and 96 primary school children in Pantai Cermin village (a coastal area). Subjects were recruited by simple random sampling. Kato Katz and centrifuge floatation methods were used for stool and soil examinations, respectively. Data were collected by interviewing parents of children using a questionnaire and were analyzed using chisquare test by SPSS program version 11.0. Results There was no difference in the prevalence of STH in both villages (p>O.05). Parents' knowledge and economic status had significant relationships with the prevalence of STH in Suka village (p<O.05), but not in Pantai Cermin (p>O.05). In both villages, parents' education did not have a significant relation with STH, while there were significant relations between STH and hygiene, environment, or soil contamination by worm eggs (p<O.05). Conclusion There were significant relationships between hygiene, environment, or soil contamination and the prevalence of STH in the two villages.