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Ecology is the study of the interaction between organisms and their environment (Odum, 1971). Ecology is derived from the Greek root “oikos” meaning “house” combined with the root “logy” meaning “the science of” or “the study of”. Hence, ecology is the study of the earth’s households including plants, animal, microorganisms, and people that live together as interdependent components. The German biologist Ernst Haeckel first defined the word oekologie in 1866 in the context that we use it today. According to Miller (2006), the science of ecology is also concerned with the study of the interaction between organisms. It is also concerned with large environmental chemical processes like oxygen, nitrogen, and water cycles. Ecology is a new science which seeks to document and answer questions about connections in the natural world. Its concepts and ideas can explain the mess that we are now in.
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