Analisis Wacana Pada Media Cetak Perspektif Linguistik Fungsional Sistemik (Lfs) Dan Representasi Semiotik
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In the perspective of systemic Functional Linguistics (LFS). Language is defined as a system of how meaning and expression are realized. This analysis is based on two basis concept of linguistics which can differentiate LFS from other schools of linguistics, they are; (a) Language as social phenomenon which appears as social semiotic, and (b) Language as texts which construe social contexts. The first concept means that language as social semiotic consists of two elements; the meaning and expression Unlike other general semiotic, social semiotic of language has another element called form. Therefore, language as social interaction has three elements, they are; meaning, from and expression. The relationship of these three elements is called meaning (semiotic or discourse semantics) which is realized by lexicogrammar and coded by expressions in phonology or graphology. The second concept means that LFS focuses on text analysis in social context. A text is limited as a functional language unit in the social context; that is, meaning unit or semantic unit. Functional language gives meaning to the language user. Semantic unit can be realized by various language unit. The relationship between language or text and social context is construal. It means that certain social context will reflect one particular text. Situational context (register) consists of what is being talked about (field), who is using the language (tenor), and how something is talked about (mode). Field refers to the language (tenor), and how something is talked about (mode). Field refers to the role of language or topic which is talked about, tenor describes the status of the speaker, like or dislike (affect), the relation (usual or unusual) between the decoder and the encoder (addresser), and mode is the medium of language use either oral or written.