Antropologi Linguistik: Suatu Pengenalan Dasar
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Anthropology linguistic is study of language and the relationship to the culture of the society; where sociolinguistic is study of language and relationship to society. The sociology of language is the study of society in relationship to language. Any discussion of the relationship between language and the culture of society, or of the various functions of language in society of their culture, should begin with some attempt to define each of these terms. Lets us say that a society that a society is any group of people who are drawn together for a certain purpose of purposes. By such a definition ‘society’ becomes a very comprehensive view is because of the very different kinds of societies we must consider in the course o the discussions. We may attempt an equally comprehensive definition of language: a language is what the members of a particular society speak. However, as we shall see, speech in almost any should choose to discuss when we attempt to describe the language of a society may prove to be a contentius matter. Sometimes a society may be plural lingual; that is may use more than one language, however we define language. We should also note that our definitions of language and culture of anthropology linguistic society are not independent.