Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Ekspor Agroindustri dan Prospeknya di Sumatera Utara
Dr. Sya'ad Afifuddin, SE, MEc.
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International trade especially export has an important role as a source of foreign exchange receipt which is strategically needed in supporting import of goods and services to acselerate the process of development and economic growth. Agroindustry export is guite promising to be developed based on comparative advantage of North Sumatera Province as an agricultural region. But in reality, the agroindustry sector is not performing the maximum result. This condition is quite related to several factors such as raw material deficiencies in term of quantity as well as quality and supply continuity. In adition, this province is also facing the problem of human resources such as a very limited supply of skilled labor. The other important factor is the limited capital availability. Considering all limited factors mentioned above on one side and looking at the prospect of agroindustry sector in the future on the other side, a considerable attention need to be given to this sector. Agroindustry export is influenced by a number of factors such raw material, capital and labor. In order to find out the magnitude influence of each factor, the writer used SPSS 10.0 program. After finishing analysis, the conclution to problem facing the agroindustry sector could be stated as follows : The cost of raw materials have positive relation to agroindustry export (Coefficent of regression is 0,873) ; Capital has positive relation to agroindustry export (Coefficent of regression is 0,0723); Labor supply has negative relation to agroindustry export (Coefficent of regression is - 0,01253). The research conducted had also directed to inquire the prospect of agroindustry sector in the future, applying quantitative method (parabolies trend) using time series data. The result of quantitative analysis concludes that agroindustry sector in North Sumatera Province tend to increase during the five years to come.
- SP - Economic Development